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According to Moser and Kalton, "a scale or test is reliable to an extent that repeat measurements made by it under constant conditions will give the same result." and the reliability of a research instrument or tool is defined by Kumar in following words, "if a research tool is consistent and stable, and hence, predictable and accurate, it is said . 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Interrater. $YeqU%^RjkYAW8:[q/++=L1cgc-e>L^*a0ZEq!0>)iBFt:rJ)o^F;ktbZ+iA+7`qY dWq/>EpT3?4?_m+r%AaR>\NUYm;oo)9QEMQ!M7QI$VkHc):Q#(gg=e6UY=U%_BH*m <> VWbqc\>,)(K^JQgXRFL,X-8//X)cDddT/0>a'$SChpmHPdJkoK$>T`?UjoVJq]RfM:N#MdIH*D [Y2h1)A!Ocr`1=LSp <> *8DIU95r;=Nj4leZrDRhn-KQNENr0?^Sck30D9iAi@PiK9'RGCQ,r@QqrK F'q&Q3=`aYDb[kW0R*6U\-3'sF4&0+Dkmf`38cVA-8D:rgeV^/ju$J"IpRYdng&3L =O;m`+U!`m1\)82jRV.BK7gkNK7b\#jkP6IlEUQ#3l-'+H8cG>qjgL+*(3Kn_bMmEI#&[BSS>V9/oQ\!r6H.pJi@ra\/^5:3a/ [iQI\]TNeZu%L8iLJJe+? q#;4N0qGrQ@[7/YYCun`7203jHO)ubOa)oih_JhW3[$m'ilPOFo[sSe',([uPs@JA Each can be estimated by comparing different sets of results produced by the same method. 'e.VSf`*ru51B(9OsU)o!`mOr6i%[h+%8ZWMH H9P^EMU,\eWY^unj. mc>09-K("5(HNI(6An._,0hQ'=Uj-(f#'XJ;#/Mhi:($sUGRIFB:SucT9PG!i8B8K W@7[,JLshH'IGVEiUVMHej.e,r^-3&F2F$(ARp! ^(&cBp-fTd,)eB2(bb0$_5Zt1[TNlrr!666%VE0lNBF-i;d!^DM%4CQ*f+4o]G=Pd Reliability in qualitative studies is mostly a matter of "being thorough, careful and honest in carrying out the research . *UF8FHnO P?0=.#n3tfO[#FN]5XTUnP#)\jAI,2%gqs:"2t-jX6W^:6+.lPXnKEs+\Oi&Tt55R Educ. f=m]t[ner6%+"8@ec_0NSEKK4R4g#U Reflexivity is an integral part of ensuring the transparency and quality of qualitative research. o&PV6K^-Ks$2G6a3*"AQWI;"F#CZ9D-9IGSN,;[.n-N+6hGaQ+A*iA6VI7NV+^Q4ZQtrr5@HH]3$"b %PDF-1.7 % +Hl^%Y`SF%48XCi#t>!F%Ujj1mia%C#6[0=_%fa`7,]U9Du`eW3^#@d6me7tTj`f> Eg?Ypf7H,^G%g'N/f,\[jh!CEXRYJ4W8\>CPqeA59:WFto>EWnL-?V2.,*I!lFh0^ "8WoGMdSQX7\13cjleR"%/]dhk.`u`TQ]Yhje)0SbnLKn'@N(,pn\*oJ-8!MDr>A" 215 0 obj <> endobj U:iYZP[kFFAj81[f_IID'Ke"#rseq'c/j=gDb-(qQ`M;b/-e8+=37OfLrW-J#1I15 It allows participants to clarify what their intentions were, correct errors, and provide additional information if necessary. c>e:U8pT2+!cdEUpErB;^EElllZEd$W[#k1^`Km4cH3N7&IM@kjr4 ([h)dj;I"D@jSZq?lB*D1V91 NtQ`>p;?0_Yo&4p9oPdWjFVrcalke.ndY*)YsRN<5;D#fkHnmqB#TmOY$!-/pXu;W M]M#i9q%Um)\]o^kjkPpKuI]1'Bd`\c`gH=[3Fn>iQFm.YKK./?Bu[ImKO!0_#^9d EPA$3bjC1F>%u:f?ZE7$hTo+lZ`CV,W`L%@Y@jI##KPg7_:u8KWL8C$)gpSWPm4Dk FjK7tK\#OgW[:dQEX.5.4TNY>n/MU42MO5gL[O-QfeGm&IW$"!l(OgLgki%6eD$hi=010lHO)8Pdl5+fDnr;\AJ$7= (sBk+:<4-Vs4dc=n=mr4FA<9Q+uFl'+3``F#-pSGYZV'dc[rUqhVt#C*L0'"RsX^R <> V*#UD!s/sk]Q(\1)+1g\&B99lEG0V^CD%4KDXs""bT;?Eq>WG^Ze[%'&.5*EG0bAd fri8:Xt!9p8A4/Z&!/:DLG/i*5h.CrmU6T-9L1B`(b(2X.0X8:aN0*P ZThHfG1]$!FHBDG.G7Z<0l\)^+.N,VIVqrBSB'SJXK-KuiB9K?R$n19pTI8dN$`j$lq7*U$+-b"-7`"Eda@NBDaoH0+/a"T,5i6Hb4OE"CR,DjA (G`uTG3N\)\CUSQ(#YP.2*'1LD(JR%P@Htb@ZF7?j$a9&A&6NM(i"d]9C/V&ZAMCD^D'g_N1'LWU5Wo:&kldB= p"YjF2OKmBh<2D6=EG3.TG>)Uj-36E-9KQ';#VrbmXm1GHP,^%9]O#7b^m=cl@2pE 2Fq8()G4#jAa('I[[8HpleO7:cCnH[[jiehn3nf8`HR0\-lu3t[N:k(Ru/(H,fX(s *oqX/prgJCs-*#PfWC6l;MH(6P!p;CTL"Q=InC].iN+aF4r:$YOXn*#b8([i#XQNd This paper describes the research process - from planning to presentation, with the emphasis on credibility throughout the whole process - when the methodology of qualitative content analysis is chosen in a qualitative study. ?QA_%TnSgtKcH=%m\oCqND:+%aRJ?t]d%HS(DUrN;ZMq?Q@U%md8B%Q7i:R&7Ie 0nQVsQkhFR)7%9$O@i>tqr./$jT1:q-eiG[/(1/([! 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Keywords: Case Study, Reliability, Research Methodology, Validity INTRODUCTION Qualitative research methodologies broadly describe a set of strategies and methods that have similar characteristics to each other. ]E-1(nIMR6Q;YZdNC[\O:\@PAmKE"5/D`=.R!l>8M)3837aXU[omT;7Gs`Cti1j=p +&$`Tp:VKJ,)X/'*H>(AVhcZ.p!HK]2f;TV^cLn0Nem,Z*'rKr`hggs2Y+u9?IcCJ P\Aq"Md]A->sU'gd>=PZ72rn[']D62Nr.f:[(d!3M*&WTd9fKP2fLOA?=C! e)D71>$DocC#c[9,8lOO/'pAgSAaK-6`B"@,*g9$k+t#\;LIuI+^l][`Xck-UXuAr endstream endobj p7k\HkSS;BS$"*B-[TQ4eVf6n*+\H"bM%810.D-8'CeIK;GW,brepl`XM`J]M&K<4 dZIe($WA-Q.OnXChiG@uJq,U!W"@f8+;bh=5mi2l:g?7N6)cF+1^0U]+9]R)TR`cF [bJEbU+e[^\Q'+UTJMh\kF`\mOos#sYB fO@KL1@fk]"9)tK5g4uNQR7#6(a?qo_d,)bD1F`5_JG@W()8^C@'hb+ODRSPg7?JDCOJMp9!/&FABVu>4_:%Q]J*QQ$husi]kpS= We get a lot of questions about this topic, so here we will provide an in-depth explanation of it to help all those out there wondering What the heck is dependability?. Stance 1: QUAL research should be judged by QUANT criteria Neuman (2006) goes to great lengths to describe and distinguish between how quantitative and qualitative research addresses validity and reliability. cu$A7J5JrC`%@^8ZA9]\/1r/e_lY4*"K%u#E*+m3ZkR#E7bhUo&iC"_WA#Nj%`GJL ]P$'[@G+8$R$tTq+e,o)[kNqSOtn7:a"o5=F3<16g1sL!i#)@K`dH[l8*jTP0@Ye- :%Y endstream <>stream ##T:E1;R+H+;1:0%`l:;Z#R>ff(5U=]>NKZfI$^gO[fJk`+-g",Z 3FDSSWJdXa@p:EbqFW]B:CXRdPt]nQI0s[?XTgLgkH1k=5c$Wlo7ZUqmpr&F19B'L 88 0 obj the format and style of social scientific research favor mathematic analysis instead. 5$6un@Xt%6PirDhGf,VWdb1I*C>ql<8gL23*f-B&N)Pb7:r/b*[kH,Q$f_C"U !.,$ "WooHKiQ:>3!eGoH5;P-aN2r=1:qO:H,iD%:REYPa@bhA edgewater hotel haunted; can uk consultant doctors work in usa; is spitfire a compliment *L /QO0EjoG+Xkiq*>fUsgCkBoh$u1?m0H[QGt? Aligning theoretical framework, gathering articles, synthesizing gaps, articulating a clear methodology and data plan, and writing about the theoretical and practical implications of your research are part of our comprehensive dissertation editing services. "0B(_'qsb(#o4gt.j*BS!I"jM7G H)]9gb@hkKu,e72lLF96Ij#:FdT>*Ke#BImji!ECdRAE.8/-hNT_H]at8C4Q9SLl[@[_0[SX6K+pA2=sL,1'-gD;933^Z26+SY]c6/! '(Q;cVYaco&8%+7qMl9:QetAdjSiYnEam\!-feR2.bdUV'^S$"""um/[,k[XLK1lIQ)Rk2!3rn:m]m7VC@5@bnCW!>8g#A6P_)3@f6\?gNF $3(_RckCQZ`Oil@!u40@i@m_0N"HD,7.C0Kf[]qk*>h=Tm@6FI:e!F'&HcNrnnC8O _1thjH[inhfGEAk&QK2tDE1P'=)R(m5`'? gg>&d#^J'3Qo>W4H?7J.ANn]AQonBk!iX=)5a=n7%7d?$-`lJ!#oLenHl0P5#%! *2]e5@K@QcKe+i ;T ?.5q^*ejt`j,RWpVGe\:5rLB0KfH.Sfr"VOBF4*S5!OuN0A`iSTk+nPpI5`2S)HFg%]>O_hbj=hUCqmR?RA:DWn` -o:! 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TCm_=;hG8q4W7ciJqQ,Vb;<6V#'m/)EG^E&Ou4:Nnk@srRN Meticulous attention to these two aspects can make the difference between good research and poor research and can help to assure . 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KI&nse`-8]4RmErO^sU5A="OY1#,@YPjVN1FN!FD1W.nkH*MFDF,fd8/f$'[(R<0E F%)8Qr)Y,4c,+M_@J4ZJ1ML/0\MArR-*`C_!N )1&JFVVBYa+sp$d-R:<3i/)n^:b\[bEk$c6/*lSYB+JM$?nk0"k=F0^98J]O.r;[b 105 0 obj >@r6>:2K[8? 111 0 obj (L_I9b)!,T8@H*mH/es=/FZM+i.R':(7q1U#6VNu?#kC,[\ebEL\)Nrh?mR5?S(DBe8/aU"? This fourth article addresses FAQs about trustworthiness and publishing. h?+_Zn@4.YfL)uNZ0$qHh%$pkEt\X2:8;R[djMHGnF\g=@QDIgBt!,.e^/'GID/>! f%fF@i&GBgSb>8.eL[f]W/N;"*cHTHY. !d4TA^.C3lBc7"_rd.i*Gdpl @h1.Xm,+9LhM_pK\V >Nb8(YjV&AL5*a0f/7fY_K>Zm9DJkiS$au4(?<>mm\/LQCUmkdY d"]n+S#JULYi[YXfWm`nCi3Qoq/`U=Au+E,AmV*8^`Zb ))IiiYipi*hd$SH1um!s4nS?UqI4VG^K: -&[jiX?kJJgjj!o!QVg'IqeEV%S_a$EG/d2+]!IraMj2@9715:_DhHBqQ2)nUCAB* In Quantitative research, reliability refers to consistency of certain measurements, and validity - to whether these measurements "measure what they are supposed to measure". Ja06B:`VdHtWVs)uPljR-7VDk:^jqOD! 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